Max Horkheimer (1895-1973) German Philosopher of Jewish origin, an active members of the Frankfurt School. In 1930, Horkheimer was appointed Director of the Institute of Social Research at Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt. In 1934, after National-Socialists seized power in Germany, he came to New York, where, with the help of his American colleagues, he managed to reestablish the Institute of Social Research at the University of Columbia. During this period, Horkheimer collaborated with Theodor W. Adorno on their magnum opus: Dialectic of Enlightenment: Philosophical Fragments. Later he continued his work in Los Angeles. After returning to Germany in 1949, he led the Institute of Social Research with Theodor W. Adorno. In 1950 he was appointed Rector of Goethe University. Horkheimer was the founder of the Journal of Social Research (Zeitschrift für Sozialforschung ) and served as its publisher for many years.